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Fly Fishing for Educated Wild Trout & Grayling in UK

October 31, 2019 4 min read

Fly Fishing in UK for fussy trout & Grayling

    It’s been a strange year with desperately low water on my local, North-east Yorkshire Rivers right up till October. Add to this some very well educated fish that had seen it all & it has made for some challenging game fishing at times. I love challenging fishing as it makes me think & I have to work at sorting out solutions. So here are some of the tactics that I have used to try to fool difficult fish.

    Early in 2019 the small North Yorkshire Moors Rivers were already at low summer levels & the wild brown trout were virtually totally preoccupied with the super-abundant aphids that covered every bankside alder & sycamore tree. As mentioned in an earlier blog, the answer was to fish hyper-light with my Sunray 10’ 6” Zero weight, Orvis 7’ 6” 1 weight or 10’ Sunray Volition JL 2 weight rods teamed up with either a Micro-nymph line, 0 weight Sunray Jeremy Lucas Micro Thin line or a 1 weight Jeremy Lucas line& a 12 to 14’ leader plus 0.10 to 0.09mm tippet (7 to 8x) & size 26 to 30 CdC Aphid imitations (IOBO Humpies & Minimalistic Micro-midges). Of vital importance were extreme stealth, super-accurate casting (fish won’t move far for such tiny food items) & usually repeated casting to a rising fish until a perfectly drag-free drift was achieved. 

North Yorks Moors aphid-feeder, 1 weight rod & 1 weight Jeremy Lucas line

1. North Yorks Moors aphid-feeder, 1 weight rod & 1 weight Jeremy Lucas line

    Trout fishing In mid-summer on Driffield Beck it was often equally challenging. Very low flows, gin-clear water, no significant fly hatches & fishing for wild, educated fish resulted in some potentially frustrating fishing. A stealthy approach was again paramount & my kneepads got a lot of use so I could hide behind the extensive bankside vegetation, (most of the fishing is from the bank). All too often the fish would look at a fly (dry fly or nymph) & follow it downstream only to turn away after seeing a trace of unnatural drag/movement. It was a humbling experience. The big grayling in particular left me in no doubt that much of the time my presentation was substandard as they had all the time in the world to see the flaws in my presentation. I did manage to fool a couple in the slightly faster water by shear, dogged persistence (2lb 11oz & 3lb 0oz), but I never felt that I cracked the big grayling problem.

3lb 0oz Driffield Beck grayling

2. 3lb 0oz Driffield Beck grayling

I did, however, have more success with the trout. Fortunately when it was dull & late in the day a few small Longhorn Sedges would flutter in their mating dance over the river, just enough to get a few fish rising. Yet again a light line (1 weight Jeremy Lucas), fine tippet (5x maximum, even for the big fish), long leader & long soft rod (10’ 2 weight Volition or 11’ 3 weight Greys Streamflex, to reach over the extensive bankside vegetation) were the ‘order of the day’ teamed up with a size 16 F Fly. Once again super-accurate casting was essential. Except on the rare occasion when the fish were well on feed, if the fly was cast a couple of feet above the fish the fish had too much time to check it out & generally refused it. Far more effective was to land the fly right on the fish’s nose or just behind it: this usually resulted in a reflex response & a very aggressive take. If the fly was still refused a twitch or two sometimes induce a take, as did actively dragging the fly across the surface.

A nice wild Driffield Beck trout taken on a size 16 F Fly landed on its nose

3. A nice wild Driffield Beck trout taken on a size 16 F Fly landed on its nose

    Sometimes it helps to think ‘outside the box’ & in the past doing something radically different has worked for me when targeting well-educated fish. In September a few years ago, when the rivers were in flood, I fished a small, shallow, gin-clear Austrian lake that had obviously been very heavily fished all summer. The brown trout & brook trout would look at & refuse all offerings, dry flies & subsurface flies. I finally achieved success by fishing with a pink weighted Squirmy Worm fished static on the lakebed. The fish would dart forward to investigate as the fly hit the water, follow it to the lakebed then after circling it a time or two swim away. However they would soon return to reinvestigate. This they would do several times only to finally inhale my offering.

Austrian lake brown trout caught on a static Pink Squirmy Worm

4. Austrian lake brown trout caught on a static Pink Squirmy Worm

    If you are targeting a particularly big fish then don’t give up. Try different presentations first, then different flies since once it has rejected a particular pattern several times you can be sure it knows that it isn’t food. Give it plenty of time to recover between each trial (you could go off & target a different fish for a while). This past summer a friend & I did this whilst rod sharing on the River Bradford in Derbyshire (a tiny, shallow, limestone stream) & finally we tempted our targeted fish.

A tricky Derbyshire fish that took repeated attempts to fool

5. A tricky Derbyshire fish that took repeated attempts to fool

    If all else fails with a particular fish then don’t waste time, move on & find a fish that is less choosy/uncooperative.

    Some fisheries stock regularly with ‘tame’ farmed fish to make the fishing easy & others restrict the number of fish that the angler is allowed to catch or limit the number of anglers on the water to limit the pressure on the fish & reduce the risk that they will become too well educated & ‘uncatchable’. Many of the waters that I fish are heavily fished & when possible I avoid stocked fish (except for on my local small still water where the rainbows can become highly educated & preoccupied with the tiniest of midges). I just love the challenge of fooling well-educated, difficult fish. There is far more pleasure from catching one or two challenging fish compared with dozens of easy, often freshly stocked, fish. The low water & fussy fish of 2019 have given me a great trout season. Let’s hope that the late autumn & winter grayling fishing is just as good!!!!

This video is 1 of 94 casting tutorials explaining everything from basic set ups to master level casts

Fundamentals | Starting to Fly Cast

The basics of tackle
Language of casting
Sensory awareness


Fundamentals | Understanding Fly Tackle

Fly line weights, lengths & tapers
Rod lengths & weights
Leaders & tippet
Tackle to practise with


Fundamentals | Overhead Casting

How to hold a fly rod
Circles 8's & straights
Remove all slack
Plane of the Cast
Triangle Method
Overhead Cast
Stop & Drop
Retrieving the Line
High Back Cast
Breaking The Wrist
Shooting the line
Loop Shape
Slipping the Line
Stroke Length
The Forward Delivery
The Shelf
Drift Versus Breaking the Wrist
Backslash Forwardslash
Speed Ramp
Body Movement


Fundamentals | Double Haul

Intro to the Double Haul
Tackle for the Double Haul
Single Haul
Double Haul
Double Haul Fast Track
Cast Trajectory
Late Haul
Hauling Grip
Double Haul for Accuracy
Line Trays
Offset Alignment Guides


Fundamentals | Taking it to the Water

The Lift
Pick Up & Lay Down Cast
Roll cast
Energy of a Roll Cast


Advanced | Spey Casts

Intro to Spey Casting
Switch Cast
45 Degree Single Spey
Backhanded Cast
90 Degree Single Spey
90 Degree Snake Roll
45 Degree Snake Roll
90 Degree Double Spey
The Running Mouse
The Silent Spey
45 Degree Double Spey
45 Degree Snap T
90 Degree Snap T
45 Degree Circle Spey
90 Degree Circle Spey
Body Movement
Spey Cast Hauling
Beating Obstructions Spey


Advanced | Beating the Wind

Tail Wind
Head Wind
Side Wind


Master | Mends

Upstream Downstream Mends
Curve Mends
Reach Mends


Master | Pick Ups

Corkscrew Pick Up
Snap Pick Up
Roll Cast Pick Up
Double Spiral Pick Up
Snap Pick Up Variation
Aerial Spey
Cast Stringing


Master | Accessory Casts

Casting Big Flies
Feed Cast
Free Snag Cast
Snap Cast